Ye Olde Occupations by Karen Hansen

Submitted by WGS Corresponding Secretary Karen Hansen

Accomptant: Accountant

Almoner: Giver of charity to the needy

Amanuensis: Secretary or stenographer

Artificer: A soldier mechanic who does repairs

Bailie: Bailiff

Baxter: Baker

Bluestocking: Female writer

Boniface: Keeper of an inn

Brazier: One who works with brass

Brewster: Beer manufacturer

Brightsmith: Metal Worker

Burgonmaster: Mayor

Caulker: One who filled up cracks (in ships or windows or seems to make them watertight by using tar or oakum-hem fiber produced by taking old ropes apart

Chaisemaker: Carriage maker

Chandler: Dealer or trader; one who makes or sells candles; retailer of groceries

Chiffonnier Wig maker

Clark: Clerk

Clerk: Clergyman, cleric

Clicker: The servant of a salesman who stood at the door to invite customers; one who received the matter in the galley from the compositors and arranged it in due form ready for printing; one who makes eyelet holes in boots using a machine which clicked.

Cohen: Priest

Collier: Coal miner

Colporteur: Peddler of books

Cooper: One who makes or repairs vessels made of staves & hoops, such as casks, barrels, tubs, etc.

Cordwainer: Shoemaker, originally any leather worker using leather from Cordova/Cordoba in Spain

Costermonger: Peddler of fruits and vegetables

Crocker: Potter

Crowner: Coroner

Currier: One who dresses the coat of a horse with a currycomb; one who tanned leather by incorporating oil or grease

Docker Stevedore: dock worker who loads and unloads cargo

Dowser: One who finds water using a rod or witching stick

Draper: A dealer in dry goods

Drayman: One who drives a long strong cart without fixed sides for carrying heavy loads

Dresser: A surgeon’s assistant in a hospital

Drover: One who drives cattle, sheep, etc. to market; a dealer in cattle

Duffer: Peddler

Factor: Agent, commission merchant; one who acts or transacts business for another; Scottish steward or bailiff of an estate

Farrier: A blacksmith, one who shoes horses

Faulkner: Falconer

Fell monger: One who removes hair or wool from hides in preparation for leather making

Fletcher: One who made bows and arrows

Fuller: One who fulls cloth; one who shrinks and thickens woolen cloth by moistening, heating, and pressing; one who cleans and finishes cloth

Gaoler: A keeper of the gaol, a jailer

Glazier: Window glassman

Hacker: Maker of hoes

Hatcheler: One who combed out or carded flax

Haymonger: Dealer in hay

Hayward: Keeper of fences

Higgler: Itinerant peddler

Hillier: Roof tiler

Hind: A farm laborer

Holster: A groom who took care of horses, often at an inn

Hooker: Reaper

Hooper: One who made hoops for casks and barrels

Huckster: Sells small wares

Husbandman: A farmer who cultivated the land

Jagger: Fish peddler

Journeyman: One who had served his apprenticeship and mastered his craft, not bound to serve a master, but hired by the day

Joyner / Joiner: A skilled carpenter

Keeler: Bargeman

Kempster: Wool comber

Lardner: Keeper of the cupboard

Lavender: Washer woman

Lederer: Leather maker

Leech: Physician

Longshoreman: Stevedore

Lormer: Maker of horse gear

Malender: Farmer

Maltster: Brewer

Manciple: A steward

Mason: Bricklayer

Mintmaster: One who issued local currency

Monger: Seller of goods (ale, fish)

Muleskinner: Teamster

Neatherder: Herds cows

Ordinary Keeper: Innkeeper with fixed prices

Ostler: Attends horses at an inn; Stableman; Groom

Pattern Maker: A maker of a clog shod with an iron ring. A clog was a wooden pole with a pattern cut into the end

Peregrinator: Itinerant wanderer

Peruker: A wig maker

Pettifogger: A shyster lawyer

Pigman: Crockery dealer

Plumber: One who applied sheet lead for roofing and set lead frames for plain or stained glass windows.

Porter: Door keeper

Puddler: Wrought iron worker

Quarrier: Quarry worker

Rigger: Hoist tackle worker

Ripper: Seller of fish

Roper: Maker of rope or nets

Saddler: One who makes, repairs or sells saddles or other furnishings for horses

Sawbones: Physician

Sawyer: One who saws; carpenter

Schumacker: Shoemaker

Scribler: A minor or worthless author

Scrivener: Professional or public copyist or writer; notary public

Scrutiner: Election judge

Shrieve: Sheriff

Slater: Roofer

Slopseller: Seller of ready-made clothes in a slop shop

Snobscat / Snob: One who repaired shoes

Sorter: Tailor

Spinster: A woman who spins or an unmarried woman

Spurrer: Maker of spurs

Squire: Country gentleman; farm owner; justice of peace

Stuff gown: Junior barrister

Stuff gownsman: Junior barrister

Supercargo: Officer on merchant ship who is in charge of cargo and the commercial concerns of the ship.

Tanner: One who tans (cures) animal hides into leather

Tapley: One who puts the tap in an ale cask

Tasker: Reaper

Teamster: One who drives a team for hauling

Thatcher: Roofer

Tide waiter: Customs inspector

Tinker: An itinerant tin pot and pan seller and repairman

Tipstaff: Policeman

Travers: Toll bridge collection

Tucker: Cleaner of cloth goods

Turner: A person who turns wood on a lathe into spindles

Victualer: A tavern keeper, or one who provides an army, navy, or ship with food

Vulcan: Blacksmith

Wagoner: Teamster not for hire

Wainwright: Wagon maker

Waiter: Customs officer or tide waiter; one who waited on the tide to collect duty on goods brought in.

Waterman: Boatman who plies for hire

Webster: Operator of looms

Wharfinger: Owner of a wharf

Wheelwright: One who made or repaired wheels; wheeled carriages, etc.

Whitesmith: Tinsmith; worker of iron who finishes or polishes the work

Whitewing: Street sweeper

Whitster: Bleach of cloth

Wright: Workman, especially a construction worker

Yeoman: Farmer who owns his own land